Virtual tools for clinical diagnosis: 3D finite element models in biomechanics




3D models, finite elements, biomechanics, biological tissues, analytical tools, stress distribution, knee joint, lateral discoid meniscus


Introduction: This article explores the potential of three-dimensional finite element models as clinical diagnostic tools, aiding surgeons in virtual intervention planning and practice, thereby minimizing risks and enhancing precision during surgical procedures. Methodology: the methodology details the strategy employed to develop practical approaches for generating three-dimensional finite element models, using a case study of a knee joint with lateral discoid meniscus malformation. Results: the implementation of structured processes has yielded a suitable analysis tool for finite element method simulations. Discussions: The discussion emphasizes the potential of three-dimensional finite element models for clinical diagnostics and underscores the importance of integrating these practices into educational and research environments to foster innovative learning experiences that bridge theoretical concepts with practical, real-world scenarios. Conclusions: three-dimensional finite element models represent robust analytical tools with significant potential for elucidating the evolution and biomechanical dynamics of biological tissues, thereby benefiting clinical diagnostics, decision-making processes, and healthcare professional training.


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Author Biographies

Lourdes Segovia, National University of Distance Education

Graduate in Technical Industrial Engineering specialising in Mechanics and Degree in Industrial Engineering from the University of Salamanca. She holds a Master's Degree in Research in Industrial Technologies from the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED). She is a member of the Sinergia Digital research group at the University Corporation of Asturias. She currently collaborates as an online lecturer at the Asturias University Corporation and the European Graduate Institute. She holds the position of academic director at the European Graduate Institute. Currently, she is an applicant for a PhD in Industrial Technologies Research in the biomechanics research line, by the UNED and an applicant for a PhD in Education in the Education and ICT research line by the European University of Monterrey.

Miryam Beatriz Sánchez Sánchez, National University of Distance Education

Industrial Technical Engineer (1998-2001) and Industrial Automation and Electronics (2001-2003) by ICAI. Master's Degree in Research in Industrial Technologies and PhD in Industrial Technologies (2013) with outstanding "cum laude" and extraordinary doctorate award from the UNED. Expert in the development of calculation models for cylindrical gears. Professional experience as R&D Engineer in SAC MAKER, S.A. (2003-2004) and in EADS ASTRIUM CRISA (2004-2008). Experience in educational management as Secretary of the Master in Research in Industrial Technologies (2014-2017), of the Master in Industrial Engineering (2019-present), and Assistant Secretary of the School of Industrial Engineering at UNED (2019-present).


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How to Cite

Segovia, L., & Sánchez Sánchez, M. B. (2024). Virtual tools for clinical diagnosis: 3D finite element models in biomechanics. European Public & Social Innovation Review, 9, 1–21.



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